SEARCH SCIENCE IN THE QURAN
CHOWDHARY RABIYA SHAFIQ
The Quran was revealed in the 7th century. Many statements pertaining to physical phenomena are dispersed throughout the Quran. These are there in the Quran to draw the attention of people to the wonders of Allah’s creation. Any other 7th century book making statements about physical science would surely contain mistakes. Our knowledge of physical science in the 21st century is far advanced beyond the imagination of people living in the 7th century.
What will come as a surprise to many people is that of all the numerous statements about scientific matters found in the Quran, not one of those have proved contrary o the established facts of science. On the other hand, many of those statements have already been verified by modern scientific studies. Let us look at some of the statements which science has already verified.
It is quite remarkable to understand what science has discovered in the present century. Quran had already revealed 1400 years ago. The holy Quran declared the principle of “Expansion of the Universe”.“All praise for Allah, the creator of spatial strata of the universe, heavens and the earth. He keeps expanding in his creation what he wills. Indeed Allah is potent over everything” – (35:1).
The holy Quran states some scientific facts eloquently in Surah “Az-Zariat” “And we have built the heavens (the spatial strata the universe) with might (energy) and undoubted we expanding the (universe vast)”- (51:47).
The verse clarifies that the universe which Allah has created and built with power and energy (his might) is going on expanding and extending vastly in all direction. The separation process resulted in the formation of multiple words, a notion which crops up a dozen times in the Quran once it has formed the first verse in the Surah “Al Fatiha” (1:1). “Praise Be to Allah, the lord of the worlds.” All this is in perfect agreement with modern ideas on the existence of primary nebula and the process of secondary separation which resulted in the formation of galaxies and then, when these divided of stars from which the planets were to be born.
Today it is known how the celestial organization is balanced by the position of the stars in a defined orbit and the interplay of gravitational forces related to their mass and speed of movement, each with its own motion. But isn’t this what Quran describes, in terms which have only become comprehensible in our day, when it mentions the foundation of this balance in the Surah “Al Ambiya”.
“(Allah is) the one who created the night, the day, the sun, and the moon. Each one is travelling in an orbit with its own motion.” (21:33). I must one again stress the fact that it is only in modern times, the scientific study has made the content of such many verses more comprehensible to us. There are also other verses which are more easily understandable, but which conceal a biological meaning that is highly significant. This is the case of the Surah “Al Ambiya”, part of which has already been quoted.
“And we got every living thing out of the water, will they then not believe” (21:30). This is an affirmation of the modern idea that the origin of life is aquatic. Progress in Botany at the time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was in no country advanced enough for it to be established as a rule that plants have both male and female parts. Nevertheless, we may read the following in the Surah “Taha”.
“Allah is the one who sent water down from the sky and thereby we brought forth pairs of the plants each separate from the other” (20:53). The evolution of the embryo inside the maternal uterus is only brief described nut the description is accurate because the simple words referring to it’s correspond exactly to fundamental stages in growth. This is what we read in a verse from the Surah “Al Muminun”. We fashioned the things which clings into a chewed lump of flesh and we fashioned the bite flesh into bones and we clothed the bones with intact flesh”. Then we developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the perfect creature”- (23:14).
The term “chewed flesh” corresponds exactly to the appearance of the embryo at certain stages in its development. It is known that the bones develop inside this mass that they are then covered with muscle. This is the meaning of the term “intact flesh”. The discovery by Einstein revealed that the structure of the atom embodies energy E=Mc2. This is found to be in consonance with the verse: “And we have built the spatial strata of the universe with might (Energy), and we who make it expanding”- (51:47) – “Az-Zariat”. “And he created everything and ordered them in due proportions” (25:2) – “Al Furqan”. Here lies the idea of the creation of everything through energy and proportioned equation of energy in everything and every atom of matter. “Indeed! We created everything (in the universe) with proportional measure. And our commandant (of creation) was just one (commandment) as the twinkling of eye” (54:49-50) “Al Qamar”.
This verse indicates that the act of creation was a commanded explosion which took a very small proportion of a second to work, and every particle was quite proportioned in energy and properties. The universe came into existence billions of years ago with a tremendous explosion called “The Big Bang”. This is clearly mentioned in the Quran in the following verses: “Have not (those who disbelieve) known that heavens and earth were of one piece, we parted them” (21:30).
When the universe began all matter and space (heavens) was at one point (one-piece) then everything was separated in what the physicist describe as “The Big Bang”. The evidence that the universe began in the “Big Bang” is so overwhelming that it is now considered a fact and not just a theory.
“Education is ability to listen to almost anything without losing your temper or your self-confidence”. – (Robert Frost)